Revision (secondary) rhinoplasty is a cosmetic surgery that is performed when a patient is not satisfied with the outcome of his or her initial procedure. In some cases, patients may be unhappy with the appearance of their noses, while others may experience functional difficulties after surgery. Additionally, a patient may need a secondary procedure if he or she suffers traumatic injury following the first nose reshaping surgery.

Ambulatory surgical centers are more expensive than private offices. These venues are owned by a third party, and provide everything your surgeon needs to safely perform rhinoplasty and other cosmetic surgery procedures. They typically charge by the hour. Ambulatory surgical center fees are usually around $3,000 or more for a single rhinoplasty procedure.
After the patient is sedated, the surgeon creates tiny incisions inside the nostrils or on the columella. Then he or she carefully lifts the skin to access the underlying bone and cartilage. The surgeon can then remove or graft tissues, as needed. Typically, a doctor uses conservative methods to minimize the impact to the surrounding tissues while still achieving the desired results. When the reshaping process is complete, the doctor lays the skin back down over the new contours of the nose and closes the incisions. 

“The biggest difference between the open and closed rhinoplasty is a small incision on the columella (bottom) of the nose,” says Dr. Kent V. Hasen, a Naples, Florida plastic surgeon, in a rhinoplasty Q&A. “This 6 mm incision allows the surgeon to peel the skin of the lower nose back to fully visualize the tip and dorsum of the nose. In the closed procedure, there is not as much visualization since the skin is not peeled back.”
As stated above, these complications are unlikely. However, patients can take steps to reduce their risks even further. First, they should choose a qualified surgeon, according to the guidelines listed above. Selecting an outstanding doctor, who maintains proper safety standards, can minimize the chances of infection, perforation, and other difficulties. An experienced surgeon can also ensure aesthetically pleasing results.
Rhinoplasty surgery is one of the most common plastic surgeries performed each year. This procedure allows surgeons to make a number of changes to the structure of the nose, drastically altering a patient's appearance. However, as with any other surgical procedure, it is important for individuals to understand all possible outcomes and set realistic expectations before undergoing rhinoplasty.
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