Rhinoplasty surgery is one of the most common plastic surgeries performed each year. This procedure allows surgeons to make a number of changes to the structure of the nose, drastically altering a patient's appearance. However, as with any other surgical procedure, it is important for individuals to understand all possible outcomes and set realistic expectations before undergoing rhinoplasty.
Patients who are unhappy with their previous nose job results are candidates for secondary rhinoplasty. Whether the nose is deemed too small, too large, or improperly shaped, a skilled surgeon may be able to correct the problem. Patients who experience breathing difficulties following rhinoplasty may also opt to undergo a second procedure. Factors influencing candidacy for revision rhinoplasty include:
To perform fat grafting, a doctor uses liposuction to remove unwanted fat cells from another part of the body. Then he or she will purify the cells and inject them at varying depths in the face to create more defined cheekbones and a youthful appearance. Dermal fillers add volume to the face, and in some cases, they can even increase collagen production. The results can last for months, and patients may undergo routine touchups.
On the day of your surgery, you should not eat anything before the procedure. Because chewing involves moving the entire face, doctors typically recommend a soft or liquid diet for the first several days. You will be able to return to solid food whenever it is comfortable for you. Additionally, you should avoid spicy foods, as they can constrict the blood vessels and lead to increased bruising.

Before anything else, the surgeon determines a patient's candidacy for rhinoplasty. He or she takes the patient's health history, asks about medications and whether the patient smokes, and addresses other concerns. It is important for the patient to be honest with the doctor. Withholding certain information could increase the risk of surgical complications.
The cost of living is different among different geographical locations. In general, the cost of cosmetic surgery tends to be higher in areas of the country where the cost of living is high. For example, a practice located in Los Angeles will change more for a buttocks lift than a practice situated in San Francisco due to the higher cost of living index, which affects all kinds of services and goods in that area, including plastic surgery services and related costs (see cost of anaesthesia and operating room below). Likewise, a practice in, say, India or Turkey, will perform a butt augmentation at a lower cost than in Paris (from $2,400 vs. $7,300 respectively), while a patient opting to have a butt lift in Switzerland will be called to pay, at least, $6,600 for the liposuction alone.

"Sometimes, a good reputation is well deserved, and sometimes it's merely hype and marketing," Dr. Naderi said. "There are reality show plastic surgeons who charge high fees, for example, based on their television exposure and publicity. Then, there are well-known plastic surgeons in the field who focus mainly on nose surgery and are true specialists."

Karen Hellesvig-Gaskell is a broadcast journalist who began writing professionally in 1980. Her writing focuses on parenting and health, and has appeared in “Spirituality & Health Magazine" and “Essential Wellness.” Hellesvig-Gaskell has worked with autistic children at the Fraser School in Minneapolis and as a child care assistant for toddlers and preschoolers at the International School of Minnesota, Eden Prairie. 
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