The results are usually permanent, aside from normal changes that come with the aging process. If you’re really not happy with your results or have breathing difficulties once your nose has healed, you may be a candidate for a revision rhinoplasty. In many cases, scar tissue is the main culprit. “The force of a scar is very strong,” says Dr. Miller. “It can pull a nose one way or another—push it in, pull it out, turn it.” When this happens, a surgeon has to go back in and tweak the work. 
Aging can affect our entire bodies. For women, their breasts can lose their shape and volume creating a saggy and disproportionate chest appearance. Gravity, pregnancy, breastfeeding and weight fluctuations can also add to the breasts’ loss of definition. A breast lift, otherwise known as a mastopexy, can correct the aforementioned issues and restore the breasts allowing them to appear perky and more youthful.
Case 4: Some might think that this patient had had previous rhinoplasty with tip collapse, but she did not. Occasionally, the shape of the tip cartilages is very vertically-oriented, causing a deep groove in the nostril. She felt this, along with her marked tip crookedness, drew unwanted attention to her nose. Now, her nose is smaller, smoother, more defined, and just blends with the rest of her face. 

As we age, our bodies undergo numerous changes. Gravity takes hold, and the skin’s elasticity weakens. This can result in drooping, sagging breasts. Over time, a woman’s breasts may lose their perkiness, and can also lose volume. Pregnancy and breastfeeding can exacerbate these effects. The changes in breast appearance can have a tremendous effect on a woman’s self-esteem.
Case 21: For our patients who are in image-centered occupations such as modeling or acting, nasal refinements often focus on small changes that will enhance the overall look and remove subtle cues about the nose that preoccupy or distract the eye. This successful model had a look that really worked for her but had always felt that her tip and nostrils were too wide, flared, and slightly droopy. Creation of a slightly narrower and more structured tip draws unwanted attention away from her nose and, instead, enhances her overall look.
The surgeon makes incisions in the skin, usually on the crease under the breast, around the areola and along the underside of the breast. After removing excess skin, the doctor will move the areola and nipple to a new, higher position, pull the skin down to reshape the breast, and then stitch the incisions. Usually, the procedure requires general anesthesia. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons[1] provides a detailed description of the surgery.
In addition to a breast lift, many women also consider having other procedures performed at the same time to enhance the overall result. For example, a “mommy makeover” is a combination of different surgical procedures reserved for women who have been pregnant and want to look like they did before the pregnancy. This may include a tummy tuck, liposuction surgery and breast enlargement or breast reduction. There is also a cost savings of having multiple procedures done at the same time.
Once your bone and cartilage have been resculpted, your surgeon pulls the skin back down and stitches it along the open-rhinoplasty incision across the columella (the tissue that links the nasal tip to the nasal base). “When done properly, that incision is extremely hard to see, once it’s healed,” says Dr. Miller. With a closed procedure, the incisions are made inside your nostrils, so there’s no visible scarring, and the sutures are usually dissolvable. 
Case 47: This patient’s primary surgery left her with valve collapse, nostril notching, persistent tip rounding and hanging columella. Secondary surgery involved correction of these issues with repositioning and reconstruction of the tip cartilages to improve tip contour. Although she is still a little swollen in the after photos, she is already happy with her new nose.
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