Revision (secondary) rhinoplasty is a cosmetic surgery that is performed when a patient is not satisfied with the outcome of his or her initial procedure. In some cases, patients may be unhappy with the appearance of their noses, while others may experience functional difficulties after surgery. Additionally, a patient may need a secondary procedure if he or she suffers traumatic injury following the first nose reshaping surgery.
Karen Hellesvig-Gaskell is a broadcast journalist who began writing professionally in 1980. Her writing focuses on parenting and health, and has appeared in “Spirituality & Health Magazine" and “Essential Wellness.” Hellesvig-Gaskell has worked with autistic children at the Fraser School in Minneapolis and as a child care assistant for toddlers and preschoolers at the International School of Minnesota, Eden Prairie.